Components of Speech and Suffixes, Component 2

Hello there! This 7 days on Check with a Teacher, we will continue to response Erol’s problem about mastering new words by utilizing suffixes to create adjectives and adverbs.

Question:

Hello,

My name is Erol. What is the very best way of studying phrases? I am pretty perplexed about this matter. Can you give me some advice about finding out words, make sure you?

Reply:

Final week we seemed at creating nouns and verbs by introducing suffixes to terms. Now, we will create adjectives and adverbs with suffixes.

Examining pieces of speech and suffixes

Words that add which means to a sentence are recognized as articles terms. Material phrases generally appear as one particular of the four major parts of speech: nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs.

Permit us glimpse at an instance with all 4 key parts of speech:

The orange cat cried loudly.

The adjective, “orange” describes the colour of the cat which is the noun. Loudly is the adverb that describes the verb “cry” in the previous tense.

We increase suffixes to the end of the foundation variety of a word to change the component of speech. This way we can produce many words and phrases from the foundation type in English.

Generating adjectives from nouns

To transform some nouns into adjectives we can use many endings: -ful, -fewer, -y, -al, -ic, and -ical.

For illustration:

“Beauty” (noun) + suffix –ful = “beautiful”

Change the “y” to “i” and incorporate the suffix –ful.

The suffix –ful indicates having the good quality of the noun.

“Emotion” (noun) + suffix -much less = “emotionless”

The suffix -significantly less means “without.”

“Rain” (noun) + suffix -y = “rainy”

The suffix -y usually means to be characterized by.

“Organization” (noun) + suffix -al = “organizational”

Preserve the noun suffix –ation. And incorporate –al, the adjective ending.

This suffix signifies “relating to.”

“History” (noun) + suffix –ic = historic

Take away the -y and increase the suffix –ic.

This phrase implies important or well known in heritage.

“History (noun) + suffix –ical = historic

Clear away the -y and incorporate the suffix.

This term indicates relating to background or previous events.

Enable us transfer on to generating adjectives from verbs!

Generating adjectives from verbs

To convert some verbs into adjectives, we can use the suffixes –ive, –ious, –ing, -ed/-en and –in a position.

For instance:

“Create” (verb) + suffix –ive = “creative”

Drop the –e and add the suffix.

“Study” (verb) + suffix –ious = “studious”

Drop the –y and add the suffix.

From time to time participles are used as adjectives. These adjectives can have a perception of either continuation (-ing) or completion (-en or –ed).

For illustration:

“Cry” (verb) + suffix -ing = “crying”

Hold the –y and increase the suffix.

An instance sentence is:

The crying newborn did not slumber all night time.

“Shake” (verb) + suffix -en = “shaken”

An illustration of this suffix is:

I usually drink teas shaken with milk.

Lastly, for creating adjectives from verbs, we have the suffix -able. It suggests ready or doable to do.

“Break” (verb) + suffix -capable = breakable.

This phrase means able to be damaged.

Lastly, quite a few adjectives develop into adverbs by including the suffix –ly.

Resourceful (adjective) + suffix –ly = creatively

Now allow us total the chart from very last week that lists doable words you can make by including suffixes:

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives

Adverbs

Generation

Produce

Creative

Creatively

Argument

Argue

Argumentative

Argumentatively

Dancer

Dance

Dancing

Duty

Accountable

Responsibly

Activist

Activate

Energetic

Actively

Understanding suffixes can be a path to quickly discovering a large amount of new material terms.

What question do you have about American English? Mail us an e-mail at learningenglish@voanews.com

And which is Question a Trainer.

I’m Faith Pirlo.

Faith Pirlo wrote this lesson for VOA Learning English.

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Terms in This Tale

suffix –n. a letter or group of letters added to the conclusion of a word to modify its which means

perplexedadj. to be uncertain or unable to understand some thing

chart –n. a form of presenting information and facts utilizing a desk or columns to team things

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